The XFS quota subsystem manages limits on disk space (blocks) and file (inode) usage. XFS quotas control or report on usage of these items on a user, group, or directory or project level. Also, note that while user, group, and directory or project quotas are enabled independently, group and project quotas are mutually exclusive.
When managing on a per-directory or per-project basis, XFS manages the disk usage of directory hierarchies associated with a specific project. In doing so, XFS recognizes cross-organizational “group” boundaries between projects. This provides a level of control that is broader than what is available when managing quotas for users or groups.
XFS quotas are enabled at mount time, with specific mount options. Each mount option can also be specified as noenforce; this will allow usage reporting without enforcing any limits.
Valid quota mount options are:
uquota/uqnoenforce – User quotas
gquota/gqnoenforce – Group quotas
pquota/pqnoenforce – Project quota
Once quotas are enabled, the xfs_quota tool can be used to set limits and report on disk usage. By default, xfs_quota is run interactively, and in basic mode. Basic mode sub-commands simply report usage, and are available to all users. Basic xfs_quota sub-commands include:
Show usage and limits for the given username or numeric userID
Shows free and used counts for blocks and inodes.
In contrast, xfs_quota also has an expert mode. The sub-commands of this mode allow actual configuration of limits, and are available only to users with elevated privileges. To use expert mode sub-commands interactively, run xfs_quota -x. Expert mode sub-commands include:
Reports quota information for a specific file system.
Modify quota limits.