Category Archives: Uncategorized

change birth creation date linux

sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=loop.img bs=100M count=10
sudo losetup -fP loop.img
sudo losetup -a
sudo mkfs.ext4 loop.img
mkdir loopfs
sudo mount -o loop /dev/loop0 loopfs
sudo touch loopfs/input.txt

sudo umount loopfs
sudo debugfs -R 'stat input.txt' /dev/loop0'

debugfs 1.45.5 (07-Jan-2020)
Inode: 15 Type: regular Mode: 0644 Flags: 0x80000
Generation: 1856443764 Version: 0x00000000:00000001
User: 0 Group: 0 Project: 0 Size: 42313
File ACL: 0
Links: 1 Blockcount: 88
Fragment: Address: 0 Number: 0 Size: 0
ctime: 0x5f2f4acc:78970acc -- Sun Aug 12 04:01:00 2020
atime: 0x5f33c7f3:7fd665f4 -- Sun Aug 12 04:01:00 2020
mtime: 0x5f2f4acc:78970acc -- Sun Aug 12 04:01:00 2020
crtime: 0x5f2f4acc:b79f2b04 -- Sun Aug 12 04:01:00 2020
Size of extra inode fields: 32
Extended attributes:
security.selinux (37) = "unconfined_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0\000"
Inode checksum: 0x6371117e

sudo debugfs -w -R 'set_inode_field input.txt crtime 201808090101' /dev/loop0
sudo debugfs -w -R 'set_inode_field input.txt ctime 201808090101' /dev/loop0

Sometimes also need: echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

Another way, but is not recommended to change system time:
NOW=$(date) && date -s "2022-08-10 21:10:10" && touch input.txt && date -s "$NOW"

varnish 6.4 ubuntu

vim /etc/apache2/ports.conf
vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

systemctl restart apache2.service

apt-get install make automake autotools-dev libedit-dev libjemalloc-dev libncurses-dev libpcre3-dev libtool pkg-config python-docutils python-sphinx graphviz autoconf-archive curl git
git clone
sh && sh configure && make

varnishd -a :80 -T localhost:6082 -b localhost:8080

curl -I
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 28 Jul 2020 16:52:48 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
Last-Modified: Sun, 27 Nov 2016 03:03:10 GMT
Vary: Accept-Encoding
Content-Type: text/html
X-Varnish: 32801
Age: 0
Via: 1.1 varnish (Varnish/6.4)
ETag: W/"2c39-5423f985a9780-gzip"
Accept-Ranges: bytes
Connection: keep-alive

check port on some random server

printf "%d.%d.%d.%d\n" "$((RANDOM % 256))" "$((RANDOM % 256))" "$((RANDOM % 256))" "$((RANDOM % 256))"
for i in {1..3}; do !!; done > sm_rnd_ip

while read HOST ; do nc -zvw3 $HOST 80 &> /dev/null; [[ $? -eq 0 ]] &&
printf "Port 80 is UP on %s\n" $HOST || printf 'Port 80 is DOWN on %s\n' $HOST ; done < sm_rnd_ip

Port 80 is DOWN on
Port 80 is DOWN on
Port 80 is DOWN on

check http2 support

if you are not sure if http2 is working:

echo | openssl s_client -alpn h2 -connect | grep -a ALPN
depth=2 O = Digital Signature Trust Co., CN = DST Root CA X3
verify return:1
depth=1 C = US, O = Let's Encrypt, CN = Let's Encrypt Authority X3
verify return:1
depth=0 CN =
verify return:1
ALPN protocol: h2

h2 means http/2 is enabled

create tuntap

sudo ip tuntap add dev tap0 mode tap
sudo ip addr add dev tap0

sudo ip route | grep tap0 dev tap0 proto kernel scope link src linkdown

sudo ip link set tap0 up
sudo ip route add dev tap0 src

Firmware state: Copyback

while $(true); do /root/bin/MegaCli64 adpeventlog getlatest 200 -f ~/adpeventlog.txt a0; awk '/^Time/{TIME=$0};/Seconds/{SECS=$5}/^Event Desc/{printf("%25.25s %5.5s %s\n",TIME,SECS,$0);TIME=" ";SECS=""}' ~/adpeventlog.txt|grep -v fan|tac; sleep 5; done


Time: Tue Aug 20 16:11:43 Event Description: CopyBack progress on PD 10(e0x04/s12) is 82.04%(24461s)
Time: Tue Aug 20 17:30:05 Event Description: CopyBack progress on PD 10(e0x04/s12) is 83.04%(29163s)
Time: Tue Aug 20 18:21:06 Event Description: CopyBack progress on PD 10(e0x04/s12) is 84.04%(32224s

linux protect directory with password

yum install fuse-encfs
encfs /root/encryptdir /root/decryptdir

he directory “/root/encryptdir/” does not exist. Should it be created? (y,N) y
The directory “/root/decryptdir/” does not exist. Should it be created? (y,N) y
Creating new encrypted volume.
Please choose from one of the following options:
enter “x” for expert configuration mode,
enter “p” for pre-configured paranoia mode,
anything else, or an empty line will select standard mode.
?> p

Paranoia configuration selected.

Configuration finished. The filesystem to be created has
the following properties:
Filesystem cipher: “ssl/aes”, version 3:0:2
Filename encoding: “nameio/block”, version 4:0:2
Key Size: 256 bits
Block Size: 1024 bytes, including 8 byte MAC header
Each file contains 8 byte header with unique IV data.
Filenames encoded using IV chaining mode.
File data IV is chained to filename IV.
File holes passed through to ciphertext.

————————– WARNING ————————–
The external initialization-vector chaining option has been
enabled. This option disables the use of hard links on the
filesystem. Without hard links, some programs may not work.
The programs ‘mutt’ and ‘procmail’ are known to fail. For
more information, please see the encfs mailing list.
If you would like to choose another configuration setting,
please press CTRL-C now to abort and start over.

Now you will need to enter a password for your filesystem.
You will need to remember this password, as there is absolutely
no recovery mechanism. However, the password can be changed
later using encfsctl.

New Encfs Password:
Verify Encfs Password:

encfs on /root/decryptdir type fuse.encfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions)

mv -v /root/secret.tar.gz /root/decryptdir
fusermount -u /root/decryptdir

To access data:
encfs ~/encryptdir/ ~/decryptdir/
EncFS Password: