Tag Archives: apache

[access_compat:error] [pid 28167:tid 140515211155200] [client xx.xx.xx.xx:37918] AH01797: client denied by server configuration: /var/www/html/

Forbidden You don’t have permission to access / on this server

You should check directory permissions: namei -l /var/www/html/, if permissions are fine you need check virtual host configuration if there are no such options like ‘Deny from all’, if virtual host fine, you need search for .htaccess like this: find / -type f -name .htaccess

apache add virtualhost from cli

This works for Debian and Ubuntu apache create/delete virtual host:

#!/bin/bash
### Set Language
TEXTDOMAIN=virtualhost

### Set default parameters
action=$1
domain=$2
rootdir=$3
owner=$(who am i | awk '{print $1}')
email='webmaster@localhost'
sitesEnable='/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/'
sitesAvailable='/etc/apache2/sites-available/'
userDir='/var/www/'
sitesAvailabledomain=$sitesAvailable$domain.conf

### don't modify from here unless you know what you are doing ####

if [ "$(whoami)" != 'root' ]; then
echo $"You have no permission to run $0 as non-root user. Use sudo"
exit 1;
fi

if [ "$action" != 'create' ] && [ "$action" != 'delete' ]
then
echo $"You need to prompt for action (create or delete) -- Lower-case only"
exit 1;
fi

while [ "$domain" == "" ]
do
echo -e $"Please provide domain. e.g.dev,staging"
read domain
done

if [ "$rootdir" == "" ]; then
rootdir=${domain//./}
fi

if [ "$action" == 'create' ]
then
### check if domain already exists
if [ -e $sitesAvailabledomain ]; then
echo -e $"This domain already exists.\nPlease Try Another one"
exit;
fi

### check if directory exists or not
if ! [ -d $userDir$rootdir ]; then
### create the directory
mkdir $userDir$rootdir
### give permission to root dir
chmod 755 $userDir$rootdir
### write test file in the new domain dir
if ! echo "" > $userDir$rootdir/phpinfo.php
then
echo $"ERROR: Not able to write in file $userDir/$rootdir/phpinfo.php. Please check permissions"
exit;
else
echo $"Added content to $userDir$rootdir/phpinfo.php"
fi
fi

### create virtual host rules file
if ! echo "

ServerAdmin $email
ServerName $domain
ServerAlias $domain
DocumentRoot $userDir$rootdir

AllowOverride All


Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride all
Require all granted

ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/$domain-error.log
LogLevel error
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/$domain-access.log combined
" > $sitesAvailabledomain
then
echo -e $"There is an ERROR creating $domain file"
exit;
else
echo -e $"\nNew Virtual Host Created\n"
fi

### Add domain in /etc/hosts
if ! echo "127.0.0.1 $domain" >> /etc/hosts
then
echo $"ERROR: Not able to write in /etc/hosts"
exit;
else
echo -e $"Host added to /etc/hosts file \n"
fi

if [ "$owner" == "" ]; then
chown -R $(whoami):$(whoami) $userDir$rootdir
else
chown -R $owner:$owner $userDir$rootdir
fi

### enable website
a2ensite $domain

### restart Apache
/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

### show the finished message
echo -e $"Complete! \nYou now have a new Virtual Host \nYour new host is: http://$domain \nAnd its located at $userDir$rootdir"
exit;
else
### check whether domain already exists
if ! [ -e $sitesAvailabledomain ]; then
echo -e $"This domain does not exist.\nPlease try another one"
exit;
else
### Delete domain in /etc/hosts
newhost=${domain//./\\.}
sed -i "/$newhost/d" /etc/hosts

### disable website
a2dissite $domain

### restart Apache
/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

### Delete virtual host rules files
rm $sitesAvailabledomain
fi

### check if directory exists or not
if [ -d $userDir$rootdir ]; then
echo -e $"Delete host root directory ? (y/n)"
read deldir

if [ "$deldir" == 'y' -o "$deldir" == 'Y' ]; then
### Delete the directory
rm -rf $userDir$rootdir
echo -e $"Directory deleted"
else
echo -e $"Host directory conserved"
fi
else
echo -e $"Host directory not found. Ignored"
fi

### show the finished message
echo -e $"Complete!\nYou just removed Virtual Host $domain"
exit 0;
fi